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Nature of Human Relations

These relations are made here and are basically of a temporary nature. As they are merely bodily relations, they have to break since bodies have neither come together nor they are inborn. Therefore, they will fall apart in mishaps and miscalculations. In the last resort, the theory of need explains the raison deter of all relations. When a Hindu girl gets married, she is advised to forget her parents, brothers and sisters and pay full attention to the new set of relations. Why? Obviously, due to her changed material needs. It is said to be the new life for her. The son, on the other hand, starts drifting and slowly slowly distances himself from his parents, depending upon his calculation of his share from the patrimony. All these relations are basically worldly, ever changing and false.

A lady in the West does not mourn so such the loss of her spouse, because there are no taboos to play the second inning, so on and so forth. And also because she is more or less economically self-sufficient. Either, she does not have an issue or will not like to have one at all. Either she is incapable, or there are no social compulsions to have an issue. She is happy with her puppies to play around, celebrating their birthdays, as if they were members of her family. Of late, there is a trend to adopt small babies from the third world countries. But the Lord alone is the creator of all illusions.

The existing world is illusory; it is created and destroyed; something which had no existence in the beginning and will have no existence in the end. As the world is illusory, it should not be allowed to have any influence on the mind. Real means permanent and unchanging. The Supreme Soul alone is real because it was present at the beginning, present before the beginning and it will remain present even after the end. It is neither born nor does it die. In other words, the Soul is the Self-fact; the essence of Gita is self ­knowledge, i.e., Atman-janana. Soul is the Self which is different from the body. The Holy Quran also says that the present world is illusory; and the paradise belongs to the next life.

Hegel holds: God is unfolding Himself in his own way. He too has his own laws of unfolding himself - may be through Nature which too is His creation. He has given the nature the power, potency and bestowed it with gunas. The Nature is the womb of the Supreme Lord. He sows the seeds of creation in the Nature.

Gandhi says he is an ordinary person. He is like all and not an avatar, and everybody can become like him, given the same amount of tapaysa and discipline. Laski says: you must create conditions for the exercise of virtues. You must create awareness in the meanest to exercise moral tenets. Gandhi is aware of the role of circumstances, that’s why he fought against  all kinds of slavery- political, economic, religious and social to free man from all these shackles and enable him to  experiment with moral values i.e; divinity in him, which is his  natural gift, inherent and inborn. But this divinity has to be cultivated and developed to make him more and more spiritual. What are the present religious leaders doing all  the world over. They hardly think of man’s regeneration, reorientation, redefinition and spiritual growth. They only tell the people  to blindly believe in what they command to become better religious creatures and qualify to reach and enter the gates of some far off ” Heaven” existing beyond the sky and  the stars ,  said to be God’s abode.

Human nature, in its essence is one. And every man has the capacity for the highest possible development. The soul is one in all. Its possibilities are, therefore, the same for every one. The ideals that regulate one man’s life are present for acceptance by mankind in general. A person has to reach them by gradual evolution. Every body can become Buddha, if he  makes effort and cultivate the same hope and faith. What  Buddha practiced is capable of being practiced by all. No one is wicked by nature. If others are wicked, we are no less so. When I see an erring man, I feel that I have also erred. What is possible for one person is possible for all. Buddha claims no supernatural powers.

The first step lies with the individual moral regeneration. It is Gandhi’s primary concern. A man can become a good citizen or a true satyagrahi only by disciplining his life according to these principles. The greater the spirit of satyagarha in us the better men and better citizens do we become. There is no finality or perfection which man can realize on Earth.

Modern psychologists do endorse Gandhi’s belief that human nature is capable of undergoing immense changes. Gandhi does not say that man is all good, an angel at the very beginning of his life. He only believes in the existence of divine virtues, moral virtues, the divine spark i.e., the soul in each one of us. Some develop it, others  ignore it and march in the reverse gear. Those who go by it, become good, others evil. It all depends on what qualities – i.e., qualities of the soul, or compulsions of the body, you develop . The outcome will be logical and scientific. As you sow, so shall you reap. It is these processes which differentiate human beings and make classes, categories of people (i) good people and (2) bad people. But no one is absolutely virtuous or divine. And no one a complete devil. The virtuous persons too have some weaknesses, however negligible. As the devil too, has some good qualities hidden  deep within.

Nature of the present World

Beings in their relationships as sons, daughters, wives, mothers, friends and foes etc. are mere combinations of material elements, correlated as cause and effect, bodily desires, material relation, calculation of benefits and losses actual or anticipated, actual and expected, utility etc. The flavor of relations keeps on changing. Sometimes pleasant and unpleasant at another time; friend turning into a foe; husband divorcing his wife and going in for one more inning. A brother becoming the ugliest foe to another brother. There are worst examples in the history of individuals and dynasties. It may relate to the story of division of estate or the crown. History abounds in cases of ugly disputes among the closest blood relations. The truth of the matter is that material relations undergo change with time. Needs and expectations change. In the ultimate analysis, needs and personal calculations underlie all relations with our own people. Even our emotions and sentiments are determined by material considerations, bodily needs, real or imagined. Our continuous presence in the illusory world is our ajnana i.e., false knowledge says Gita. The Lord says: What is there to grieve when there is separation, temporary or even permanent. What have you brought with you from your previous life, which you have lost? All combinations and permutations are carved out here to fulfill body.
 
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